Maggie Walker

Title

Maggie Walker

Description

Maggie Walker holds the distinction of being the first American woman to charter a bank. She was heavily involved with the 1904 Richmond Streetcar boycott and the anti-lynching movement of the 1920s.

Publisher

National Park Service

Birth Date

July 15, 1864

Birthplace

Richmond, Virginia

Death Date

December 15, 1934

Biographical Text

Maggie L. Walker was born to former slave Elizabeth Draper and white abolitionist Ecccles Cuthbert. Soon after Walker was born her mother married William Mitchell, a butler in the same household where Draper was a servant. Maggie Walker grew up in Richmond and attended the newly founded public black schools. In 1903 she established the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank. She was the nation's first woman to charter a bank.

Walker was influential in the Richmond community and was heavily involved in the 1904 Richmond Streetcar Boycott. She co-founded the Richmond chapter of the NAACP and in 1921 ran for superintendent of public instruction on the "Lily Black" Republican ticket. All of the black Republicans lost and Walker soon became disillusioned with the state of Virginia discriminatory politics. Later Walker rallied behind the anti-lynching movement of the 1920s.

Coverage

1900-1920s

Description

Maggie Walker holds the distinction of being the first American woman to charter a bank. She was heavily involved with the 1904 Richmond Streetcar boycott and the anti-lynching movement of the 1920s.

Birth Date

July 15, 1864

Death Date

December 15, 1934